The principles underlying most approaches to brief interventions were systemized by Hester and Miller in what is called the FRAMES model:
Several studies indicate that brief interventions for risky drinking and alcohol abuse are efficacious and feasible in primary health care and other medical settings. Brief interventions are beginning to be required in some medical settings. This stated, other studies have reported little effect. For example, Saitz and colleagues recently found that brief interventions for medical inpatients were not significantly associated with subsequent receipt of alcohol treatment assistance or with amount of drinking. Other studies have reported that brief interventions are no more effective than other simpler approaches. For example, Holloway and colleagues found that, regarding changes in subsequent drinking, providing hospital inpatients with a self-help booklet was as effective as a 20 minute brief intervention.
The efficacy of brief interventions for illicit drug use is not yet known because little research on the topic has been conducted. This notwithstanding, in what appears to be the first randomized, controlled trial for brief interventions with MA users, Srisurapanont et al. compared a group of young adolescent methamphetamine users who received two 20-minute brief motivational interventions versus students who received one 15-minute psychoeducation session. Both groups showed a significant decrease in frequency and amount of MA use; however, at eight weeks, the brief intervention group had significantly less days of MA use than the psychoeducation group[3,4,6].